Fun Fact Friday #4

Wednesday was Penguin Awareness day, so in celebration of this Fun Facts Friday is dedicated to Penguins.

1.  There are 18 recognized species of penguins in the world have decreasing populations and 5 are endangered. The Yellow Eyed Penguin is the rarest species in the world.

Yellow Eyed Penguin.

2.  Penguins that are smaller in height live in warmer climates while those in the cold are the taller of the species. The smallest is the Fairy Penguin (also known as a Blue or Little penguin), which average at 16 inches tall and live in Australia and New Zealand. The tallest are The Emperor Penguins at 3.7feet, and huddle in Antarctica.

Emperor Penguin

3.  They spend up to 75% of their lives in the sea, and can swim at speeds of up to 22mph and some species can stay under water for up to 20 minutes.

4.  Penguins are carnivores and get all their food from the sea, they can also drink sea water and have supraorbital gland that filters the salt out of their blood. The excess salt mixes with moisture and in the gland and then leaves to body though the nasal gland, and drip out of the penguins nose.

5.  Penguins are flightless birds, but research suggests that millions of years ago Penguins could fly, and an early penguin skeletons have shown them to be much taller then we know them to be now.

Do you have any more penguin facts? Share them in the comments below!

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